Thursday, September 16, 2021


You might have asked your Local Government Units (LGU) or doctor if they are providing any Covid-19 treatment for outpatient individuals, and they answered "no". When I asked the LGU here they said all they gave was paracetamol. I thought this was insane. They just wait for people to get worse. This is the reason why when people have covid-19 symptoms, they will never tell the authorities, not even their doctors. Because apart from not getting treatment, you get punished: you are taken away into isolation for 14 days.

Physicians and local government authorities are following the Philippines unified algorithm and guidelines on Covid-19. This algorithm focuses on testing, contact tracing and isolation, and recommends only management of symptoms for outpatients, with no antibiotics or prophylaxis. Any investigational drugs for the treatment of Covid-19 are given only in the hospital setting. This means, you will have to be admitted to hospital to actually be treated for the disease. Understandably, this was the general case particularly in the early months of the pandemic because there were no known drugs or interventions for the treatment of of Covid-19 and all drugs and interventions considered may only be given in clinical trial settings.

The algorithm described above is probably what accounts for Covid-19 surge in hospitals and Covid-19 deaths. Consequently, under the algorithm, (1) you may need to be hospitalised if you cannot get early treatment at home; and (2) if you don't get early treatment at home you may get worse and receive treatment in hospital only when the disease is already in an advanced stage; and (3) hospitals are full due to (1) and (2), so patients are sent home without treatment.

To date, all drugs and interventions (including vaccines, with exception of Comirnaty by Pfizer recently approved by the FDA) remain investigational, approved for emergency use, allowed under compassionate use permits or experimental. In the meantime, a number of pharmaceutical companies are engaged in intensive research and testing to make available new drugs and interventions specifically made for the treatment of Covid-19. Some early known candidates are the oral Covid-19 drug PF-07321332 by Pfizer, molnupiravir for the prevention of Covid-19 by Merck, oral antiviral AT-527 by Roche and Atea Phrama, a DNA vaccine by Institut Pasteur, and ZyCoV-D a 3-dose needle-free DNA Vaccine from Zydus Cadila in India. At the same time, clinical trials are being undertaken to assess the efficacy of already existing drugs and interventions that may be repurposed for Covid-19 treatment.

With regard to FDA approved agents, there are no pre-exposure prophylaxis for Covid-19 at the moment. However, clinical trials are investigating several agents, including emtricitabine plus tenofovir alafenamide or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, hydroxychloroquine, ivermectin, and supplements such as zinc, vitamin C, and vitamin D. Studies of monoclonal antibodies that target SARS-CoV-2 are in development.

You might ask, why not just get vaccinated? And I have been told many times, "the best way to get protected is to be vaccinated." The problem is there are individuals who cannot mount adequate responses to the vaccine. These include people who have immunocompromising conditions and those taking immunosuppressive medications. Also considered at risk for progression to severe Covid-19 infection are those who received the second vaccine dose in a two-dose series or a single-dose vaccine less than 2 weeks prior to Covid-19 exposure as well as those who may be fully vaccinated but the efficacy has waned over time. Pregnant and lactating individuals were not included in the initial vaccine trials, and clinical trials for some vaccines in younger age groups and clinical trials for other SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidates are still currently ongoing. These circumstances exclude certain groups of individuals from vaccination. Vaccine availability in many developing countries is also very poor, and the long-term effects of new vaccines are yet unknown. Indeed, in Science, often the best answer is "I don't know."

Below is a small list of Covid-19 Treatment Guidelines and Protocols. It amazes me how little is known about these, particularly the fact that early outpatient treatment for Covid-19, despite their investigational status, are already allowed by pertinent official institutions. You will just need to find a compassionate and courageous physician to help administer the treatments.

  1. USA, Covid-19 Treatment Guidelines Panel. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) Treatment Guidelines. National Institutes of Health. Available at and (Full Guideline)
  2. USA, Front Line Covid-19 Critical Care Alliance Prophylaxis & Treatment Protocols for Covid-19 (USA). Available at and
  3. Philippines, Healthcare Professionals Alliance Against Covid-19 (HPAAC) Philippine Covid-19 Living Recommendations. Available at (Note: This Philippine guideline offers no Prophylaxis or Early Treatment Protocols. The inpatient dosing regimen provided are for Remdesivir, Favipiravir, Dexamethasone, Interferon Beta -1a and Tocilizumab)
  4. Philippines, iProtect version 2 Covid-19 Prophylaxis or Early Treatment Protocols, Concerned Doctors and Citizens of the Philippines ( available at (Note: This updated protocol includes contraindications for Ivermectin. Regimen includes Doxycycline, Inhaled Budesonide, Ivermectin, oral steroids Methylprednisolone or Dexamethasone depending on severity).
  5. Philippines, Dr. Allan Landrito ( Prophylaxis, Early Treatment, Post Covid Exposure and Late Treatment Protocols available at (Updated August 2021)
  6. China, "Diagnosis and Treatment Protocol for Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia" (Trial Version 7 March 2020) (Trial Version 8 August 2020) (Note: There is no outpatient Prophylaxis or Early Treatment Protocol. However, the treatment includes a section on Traditional Chinese Medicine which may be done inpatient through all stages of the disease. Since Lianhua has become popular in the Philippines since the pandemic, this document recommends Lianhua Qingwen only for fatigue and fever during medical observation and not for confirmed Covid-19 patients. TCM Protocols are for Mild to Critical.)
  7. India, "Covid-19 Treatment Guidelines for Kerala State version 3 April 2021" Available at (Note: Interesting that they base their categories on symptomatology (A-B-C) and Mild-Moderate-Severe for Clinical Severity with the corresponding aforementioned categories, and Respiratory Rate used for severity categories for treatment purposes. This usefully represents the stages/phases of Covid-19 disease alongside treatment. The Kerala protocol for outpatient includes Oseltamivir (Tamiflu, prior to a testing), Ivermectin and Inhalational budesonide. Protocols and guidelines for children and diabetics included).
  8. USA, Multifaceted highly targeted sequential multidrug treatment of early ambulatory high-risk SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19) by AAPS - Association of American Physicians and Surgeons. Available
  9. South Africa, Outpatient Alternative Management of COVID-19 - Perspectives from South Africa with Dr Shandara Chetty (Note: The mainstay of Dr Chetty's treatment is promethazine, an antipsychothic alternatively used as antihistamine. Dr Chetty serves a majority rural community with no access to tertiary healthcare, this is a very interesting case of inpatient treatment with very scarce resources).

List of Covid-19 Clinical Trials

Still, the best prophylaxis is good immune health (and not excessive hygiene; ever wonder why those families living out on the streets of Metro Manila are not dropping like flies from covid-19?) AND - if you believe in God, there's prayer. But still, as the Hadith on Reliance goes: Trust in Allah, but tie your camel!

Friday, June 11, 2021

New Pattern Version for Ayu Smile! Wrap Shorts


June 2021, I've just added a new pattern version for the Ayu Smile! Wrap Shorts. In this version, I made a lace trim around the leg of the shorts. This trim consists of 4 rows worked across the last row of the shorts. If you purchased the Ayu Smile! Wrap Shorts crochet pattern on Ravelry, this lace trim pattern is included. You will receive a notification every time a new pattern is added to the original design.

“Ayu Smile!” is Balinese-inspired easy to make wrap shorts. Wear for a stroll or at the beach. It can be crocheted in a weekend. The pattern instructions allow you to make the shorts in any size - for children, teens and adults. You may use any yarn and suitable hook. I recommend Sport, Baby, 3-ply, Light Worsted or DK, using crochet hook size 4mm to 6mm. The sample shown uses Sport-weight acrylic yarn and 4mm crochet hook.

Pattern instructions are in written form with some photographs.

If you purchased this pattern on Ravelry, you will receive a new pattern based on this design every time I make a variation - for life! :)

Thank you so much for supporting my work. I really appreciate it. Be well, keep safe!

Sunday, May 30, 2021

Ayu Smile! Wrap Shorts

New Crochetology Pattern: Balinese-Inspired Shorts!

Did you ever want to make a crocheted pair of shorts but never did it because of complicated shaping? I feel you! :) So I made this design to get around that difficulty. This pattern requires no shaping or complex seaming, making it a suitable wearable beginner weekend project.

“Ayu Smile!” is Balinese-inspired easy to make wrap shorts. Wear for a stroll or at the beach. It can be crocheted in a weekend. The pattern instructions allow you to make the shorts in any size - for children, teens and adults. You may use any yarn and suitable hook. I recommend Sport, Baby, 3-ply, Light Worsted or DK, using crochet hook size 4mm to 6mm. The sample shown uses Sport-weight acrylic yarn and 4mm crochet hook.

PLUS - If you purchase this pattern on Ravelry, you will receive a new pattern based on this design every time I make a variation - for life! :)

Balinese-Style Wrap Shorts Crochet Pattern

Thank you so much for supporting my work. I really appreciate it. Be well, keep safe!

Thursday, April 15, 2021

Featured Free Pattern: Cotton Lovers Wedding Necklace

Here's an old pattern I'd like to bring some attention to. I made this pattern in 2012 when I got my first copies of Duplet and MOD Zhurnal magazines. The inspiration came from those wonderful magazines featuring Russian and Ukrainian crochet and knit designs.

To make this necklace, motifs are crocheted separately and then sewn onto the strap. So some sewing skills are necessary to successfully complete this project! How you arrange and sew the motifs onto the strap is important to how the finished necklace will look and sit around the neck.

Your choice of pearl beads and clasp is also very important. Genuine freshwater pearls will be gorgeous, or perhaps Swarovski crystals. Choose a clasp that has weight to keep the necklace in place.

You can find the free pattern on Crochetology at If you make a project using this pattern please share it on Ravelry to inspire others. Enjoy!

Wednesday, April 7, 2021

Featured Free Pattern: The Walkednights

Walkednights is one of my most popular free patterns. It currently has 61 projects on Ravely with very good Average Difficulty Rating. I think this is wonderful because Walkednights is not a typical standard crochet pattern. It is actually a "problem" or a "crocheting exercise" which crocheters need to figure out for themselves in order to complete the project.

The matching pair of intimate apparel (or swimwear) is completed by solving the problem: "Using the square motif and trim patterns given as theme, make a bralette and underwear set."

Why not give it a try? You may find the pattern at Walkednights. If you're on Ravelry, do share your finished project at Walkednights on Ravelry. Enjoy!

Sunday, April 4, 2021

Pattern Feature: Summer Evening Vest


Crocheted and beaded necklace in natural linen fibre.

Hi there. So I'm finally able to keep blogging. It's Easter Sunday and I hope that you are well. This is my second blog post on a pattern feature, this time, featuring the crocheted vest pattern, "Summer Evening." The vest I made is long, a single button in front and flares open at the bottom so it can be worn with your favorite dress.

Instructions given are for sizes S, (M, L) / Bust 32”-34”, (36”-38”, 40”-42”). Length: 27”(29”,29”)

Summer Evening Vest crochet pattern may be purchased for only US$2 at my Ravelry Store. Feel free to modify the pattern for different styles. Make it longer or shorter or trim with fringes for a boho style. Enjoy!

If you have any comments or questions about this pattern, you can get in touch with me,

Tuesday, March 30, 2021

Pattern Feature: The Orchid Garden Bolero

The bolero: one of my favorite patterns, one of my favorite garments to wear.

The Orchid Garden Bolero is made up of 3 rectangular motifs. The motifs are then sewn together – at the sides and at the shoulders. The bottom trim is crocheted in rows, followed by the neckline also in rows, and finally the armholes in rounds.

To complete this project you will need:
  • Yarn: Substitute with yarn weight: 3:Light or DK Weight Yarn.
  • Hook: 4mm crochet hook
  • Yarn needle for weaving in ends and sewing side and shoulder seams
  • 1” Button
  • Scissors
Pattern is available in sizes for bust 34”-36” (38”-40”,42”-44”)
Bolero is meant to be worn over a garment and is therefore crocheted to be loose-fitting. Pattern instructions include tips on making the bolero in fitted size, as well as detailed photos of work-in-progress.

You can purchase this crochet pattern for only US$2.00, available at The Orchid Garden on Ravelry.

If you make this project, please let me know or share your finished project on Ravelry. If you have a question about the pattern you can contact me via email Enjoy!